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Ohio’s governor says tax cuts are driving factor in lower-than-expected revenue collections

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COLUMBUS, Ohio (Statehouse News Bureau) — Ohio’s tax revenue has come in below projections for four out of the last five months. And while some state leaders who advocated for tax cuts in the last budget say they’re still waiting to see more data, Gov. Mike DeWine said he thinks that’s why the state is seeing a shortfall.

DeWine speaks to reporters at groundbreaking for State Fairground facilities on May 13, 2024.
DeWine speaks to reporters at groundbreaking for State Fairground facilities on May 13, 2024. [Jo Ingles | Statehouse News Bureau]
The Office of Budget and Management had projected close to $23.2 billion in tax revenue by this point in the fiscal year, but it’s collected just under half a billion less. DeWine said he thinks there’s a reason for that decline.“We are seeing a lot of money in refunds. And frankly, a lot of this is a direct result of a cut in taxes,” DeWine said.DeWine hasn’t included an income tax cut in any of the three budgets he’s proposed. But his fellow Republicans in the legislature passed $3.1 billion in tax cuts in the budget that took effect last July, largely through the consolidation of four tax brackets into two. DeWine signed that budget into law.Senate President Matt Huffman (R-Lima), who pushed for the tax cuts in the budget, said it is a significant issue.“The question at the moment is why? And some of it has to do with refunds and some of it has to do with is the economy slowing down,” Huffman said last week.

House Speaker Jason Stephens (R-Kitts Hill) said it’s hard to forecast a budget two to three years out: “And sometimes you get it closer, you have a good month or a bad month, but hopefully it evens out.”

The state had $6 billion in surplus cash in the general revenue fund at the beginning of last year. Some of that unspent federal COVID relief money. Both Huffman and Stephens have talked up the state’s financial position. Stephens praised the “good budget” just before it passed last June, and Huffman said in an interview about the sustainability of universal school vouchers that “the state has plenty of money.”

DeWine and other state lawmakers said they are watching the revenue coming into the state. But they said they aren’t overly worried that the state will have to make major cuts because of the shortfall.

The state was facing a deficit in 2020 as COVID hit, but recovered in 2021 as the economy rebounded and federal pandemic relief funds poured in. There was a projected hole of nearly a billion dollars in the state budget in 2017, but that was resolved with budget cuts and leftover money from various state agencies, known as rotary funds.