Read it, Write it, Tell it Head 11
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Johnny Appleseed

Figurative Language Lessons

Grades 3-4
Grades 5-7



Extension Activities

Johnny Appleseed • Information Links

Figurative Language • Online Resources

Ohio Instructional Management System

“Descriptive Language and Theme – Grade Three”           

  • Students tune their ears to listen for and appreciate descriptive language within texts. They identify and synthesize description and consider how it shows, supports or enhances an author’s intended message.

“Visions of Poetry – Grade Four”

  • See, feel, hear and experience mood! This lesson offers students an opportunity to internalize the meaning of mood and its expression in a variety of different media.

“The Right Mood – Grade Six”           

  • In this integrated lesson, students compare how the three disciplines of music, art and literature create mood. They use this information to produce a piece of descriptive writing based on a piece of art or music selected to evoke a particular mood. While the concept of mood is introduced to students in the fourth grade, it remains a challenging concept for many. This lesson helps make the concept come alive at the same time it requires students to take a more advanced look at the meaning of mood.

Ohio Resource Center • Reading

  • Scroll to the box that says "I know the ORC resource I want to see," enter the ORC Lesson number, and click "View Resource".

“I Have a Metaphor” ORC Lesson #2674, Grades 4 - 7

  • Topics: Reading – Reading-Strategies & Skills; Reading; Literature; Nonfiction 
  • Professional Commentary: Many teachers integrate the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. into their classroom instruction.

“Figurative Language Awards Ceremony” ORC Lesson #2799, Grades 4 - 5

  • Topics: Reading – Vocabulary; Children's Literature; Reading; Writing; Writing Strategies; Communication; Speaking; Literature 
  • Professional Commentary: Using their knowledge of figurative language, students complete activities to identify examples of similes, metaphors, and personification heard during read aloud. Students compile a list of phrases, then nominate and vote on the best terms.

“Lift Every Voice and Sing” ORC Lesson #4540, Grades 5 - 7

  • Topics: Reading -- Vocabulary; Literature; Poetry 
  • Professional Commentary: How does a poem or a song express feelings and meanings? Using the book Color Me Dark and a poem by James Weldon Johnson entitled “Lift Every Voice and Sing”, this lesson explores the use of figurative language and imagery. Students explore the origins of the poem and come to understand how it conveys a sense of hope and unity despite hardship.

Other Online Resources

Alice in Wonderland

“Pictures in Words: Poems of Tennyson and Noyes,” Grades 6-8

“Figurative Language Lesson Plans & Activities”



Similes and Metaphors